"After the battle of Bull Run had shown that the rebellion was neither a political scarecrow nor an affair of ninety days; and that peace could only be secured by a dishonorable surrender, or by a desperate and bloody war, the loyal North, though at first stunned by the defeat, determined that the Union must be preserved at whatever cost, and sent forward men by the thousand till the government, for a time, refused to accept any more. Within six months after that battle the State of Maine, true to it's motto "Dirigo," contributed more that ten thousand as good men as ever wore the army blue; four regiments being raised early in the fall, the rest a few weeks later.
Among others, at this time, Hon. Neal Dow of Portland received authority from the Governor, to recruit a regiment of infantry for the service of the United States. Enlistment papers were soon issued, and early in October recruiting was commenced. At that time there were being raised in the State five regiments of infantry, one regiment of cavalry, five batteries of artillery, and one company of sharpshooters, a total of about seven thousand men. Recruiting officers were also at work in the State for the regular army, for the navy, and for Maine regiments already in the field. For these reasons recruiting for the regiment proceeded somewhat slowly; and it was not till late in November that the squads began to assemble at the rendezvous in Augusta.
The United States Arsenal was permitted to be used as the rendezvous of the regiment; the large Arsenal building being used as quarters till tents were issued, when camp was established on the slope in front. As soon as the recruits began to assemble, squad drill and instruction in guard duty commenced. November 20th the first company completed its organization and was mustered-in. Recruits continued to arrive, and on the 13th of December the last company was mustered. There had been, however, some difficulty about the organization of Co. I, which was mustered-in December 12th, while incomplete and commanded by a 1st Lieutenant. The company was not completed till Jan. 9th, 1862, though its officers were commissioned Jan. 6th. The regiment was mustered into the service of the United States, as an organization, Dec. 31st, 1861." - Edwin B. Lufkin
GENERAL ORDERS NO. 15
WAR DEPT., ADJT. GENERAL'S OFFICE
Washington, May 4, 1861
The President of the United states having called for a volunteer force to aid in the enforcement of the laws and the suppression of insurrection, and to consist of thirty-nine regiments of infantry and one regiment of cavalry, making a minimum aggregate of 24,506 officers and enlisted men, and a maximum aggregate of 42,034 officers and enlisted men, the following plan of organization has been adopted, and is directed to be printed for general information:
Plan of organization of the volunteer forces called into the service of the United States by the President.
The volunteers called into service under the proclamation of the President of the United States dated the 3d day of May, 1861, will be subject to the laws and regulations governing the Army of the United State, and the proportion and organzition of each arm will be as follows:
Thirty-nine regiments of volunteer infantry will be raised. Each regiment will consist of ten companies, and each company will be organized as follows: Minimum - 1 captain, 1 first lieutenant, 1 second lieutenant, 1 first sergeant, 4 sergeants, 8 corporals, 2 musicians, 1 wagoner, 64 privates; aggregate 83. Maximum - 1 captain, 1 first lieutenant, 1 second lieutenant, 1 first sergeant, 4 sergeants, 8 corporals, 2 musicians, 1 wagoner, 82 privates; aggregate 101.
The commissioned officers of the company will be appointed by the Governor of the State furnishing it, and the non-commissioned officers, until the company shall be embodied in a regiment, will be appointed by the captain; afterward by the colonel, on recommendation of the captain.
Each regiment will be organized as follows: Minimum - 830 company officers and enlisted men, 1 colonel, 1 lieutenant-colonel, 1 major, 1 adjutant (a lieutenant), 1 regimental quartermaster (a lieutenant), 1 assistant sergeant, 1 sergeant-major, 1 regimental quartermaster-sergeant, 1 regimental commissary-sergeant, 1 hospital steward, 2 principal musicians, 24 musicians for band; aggregate, 866. Maximum - 1010 company officers and enlisted men, 1 colonel, 1 lieutenant-colonel, 1 major, 1 adjutant (a lieutenant), 1 regimental quartermaster (a lieutenant), 1 assistant sergeant, 1 sergeant-major, 1 regimental quartermaster-sergeant, 1 regimental commissary-sergeant, 1 hospital steward, 2 principal musicians, 24 musicians for band; aggregate, 1046.
The field officers of the regiment will be appointed by the Governor of the State which furnishes the regiment.
The adjutant and regimental quartermaster will be selected from the company officers of the regiment by the colonel, and may be reassigned to companies at his pleasure.
The non-commissioned staff will be selected by the colonel from the non-commissioned officers and privates of the regiment, and the vacancies so created will be filled by appointment, as is prescribed above.